Cases of animal rabies
There were two distinct active reservoirs in 2010 among land mammals. The first was the arctic fox population, which constitutes a permanent reservoir north of the 55th parallel . Its boundaries occasionally extend into adjacent areas through red foxes.
The second reservoir is related to the raccoon rabies epidemic affecting the east coast of the United States. In Montérégie (southern Québec), the first four positive cases of raccoon rabies were discovered in 2006 in the Brome–Missisquoi RCM, close to the Vermont border. The number rose dramatically in 2007 to 66 animals infected. This was followed by a steady decrease: 32 cases in 2008, 2 in 2009, and none from January 1 to December 31, 2010. All these cases occurred in Montérégie. Efforts to prevent the spread of raccoon rabies into Québec have included a number of operations as well as airdrops of vaccine baits. More information about control operations can be found on the raccoon rabies website.
Cases of human rabies
The last case of human rabies recorded in Québec occurred in October 2000. A child bitten by a bat died as a result of the disease. This was the first case of human rabies in the province since the 1960s.
Source: Public Health Agency of Canada